Mental health counseling or scientific counseling is a practice in psychology that helps eliminate psychological disorders or distress by promoting personal advancement. It also practices psychiatric therapy, consultation, forensic investigation particularly forensic testimony, solution, application and evaluation of plans and programs for treatment of mental dysfunction and research. Because of the nature of this field, it is generally monitored as a mental health occupation.
Mental health therapy has its roots from the later part of 19th century. And as the field of psychology grew, branches began to establish, among them is counseling psychology and scientific counseling- both work in mental health assessment and counseling.
While carefully associated with scientific psychology, there are still significant differences between the two practices.
For one, counseling psychology is used by psychotherapist and counselors to assist clients with milder psychopathological concerns. On the other hand, clinical counseling deals with more extreme and advance forms of psychological disorders such as schizophrenia and psychosomatic disorders. Examples of conditions that could be dealt with by counseling psychology are the stress-related conditions. In essence, these are simply minor mental health disease that needs very little (if there is any) medical interventions.
This approach aims to address small mental issues and make use of counseling techniques. This is possible given that patients subjected under this technique are still in control of their mind. For example, individuals who are distressed due to problematic circumstances could seek the professionals who could render counseling psychology.
Counseling psychology focuses more on the personal issues of the person that hamper his mental health. It helps him deal with issues using non-directive techniques, for that reason a therapy psychologist would just open choices that will assist deal with the issue without being suggestive or reliable. Likewise, counseling psychology is more concentrated on logical thinking instead of unconscious performance.
Second difference is that counseling psychology adheres to humanistic or person-centered approach. Third, it has a different view on the developmental problems associated with mental illness.
On the other hand, medical psychology deals more on severe psychological disorders such as scientific manic depression like unipolar and bipolar illness, sexual dysfunctions such as exhibitionism, fetishism and sadism, phobias, traumas and substance-abuse or reliance.
Because of a more extensive and extensive nature of this field, medical counseling utilizes psychological evaluation tools that even more validate the signs of disorders amongst people with disrupted mental health. Mental health evaluation is a medium for evaluating symptoms that an individual presents. This gives insights to mental health specialists that will assist them in the preparation, administration and assessment of treatment methods that are apt to the mental health needs of a patient. The process of assessment needs making use of interviews, physical examinations and medical observations. Also, assessment tools such as intelligence, signs questionnaires, character and neuropsychological tests are extensively utilized. All these contribute significantly to the diagnostic impressions that will be created after all information are gathered and studied.
Despite of these differences, counseling psychology and scientific therapy are shown to be really effective as mental health therapy methods. Both supporters the use of talk treatment that might either help fix the issue for the mental health client or open signs that may be pointed out as causes of the advancement of the disorder. In effect, both kinds of therapy make mental health treatment and healing possible.